On the Ethics of AI-based Algorithmic decision-making in Healthcare.

Assessing Trustworthy AI. Best Practice: Deep Learning for predicting a multi-regional score conveying the degree of lung compromise in COVID-19 patients.

In cooperation with

Department of Information Engineering and Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences, and Public Health – University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy


Worldwide, the saturation of healthcare facilities, due to the high contagiousness of Sars-Cov-2 virus and the significant rate of respiratory complications is indeed one among the most critical aspects of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic

The team of Alberto Signoroni and colleagues implemented an end-to-end deep learning architecture, designed for predicting, on Chest X-rays images (CXR), a multi-regional score conveying the degree of lung compromise in COVID-19 patients.

We will work with Alberto Signoroni and his team and apply our Z-inspection® process to assess the ethical, technical and legal implications of using Deep Learning in this context.


– Brixia score COVID-19 dataset: https://brixia.github.io

A large dataset of CXR images corresponding to the entire amount of images taken for both triage and patient monitoring in sub-intensive and intensive care units during one month (between March 4th and April 4th 2020) of pandemic peak at the ASST Spedali Civili di Brescia, and contains all the variability originating from a real clinical scenario. It includes 4,707 CXR images of COVID-19 subjects, acquired with both CR and DX modalities, in AP or PA projection, and retrieved from the facility RIS-PACS system.

Keywords: COVID-19 severity assessment, ChestX-Rays, semi-quantitative rating, End-to-end learning, Convolutional Neural Networks.

Alberto Signoroni,

Department of Information Engineering, University of Brescia, Italy